Health Benefits of Vitamins: Fat-soluble and Water-soluble Vitamins

Health Benefits of Vitamins: Fat-soluble and Water-soluble Vitamins

What are Vitamins

The human body needs essential nutrients and organic substances that are present in natural foods in minimal amounts. Vitamins are a group of organic molecules required by the body for normal growth and maintenance.

Adequate consumption of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and exposure to the sun can help maintain the durability of vitamins in the body and also help develop good metabolism and reduce aging in humans.

Why do we need vitamins

A vitamin is an organic compound needed by an organism. It cannot be synthesized in sufficient quantities in our bodies and obtained from the available food sources that we consume.

You’ve probably heard at least one of these sayings “don’t forget to take your vitamins.” Vitamins do not serve as a direct source of energy, but they help enzymes as cofactors to generate energy from sources such as protein, carbohydrates, and fat…

Do you know your vitamin history

The discovery of vitamins was a great scientific achievement in the field of health and disease in the 19th century. In 1912, Casimir funk originally coined the term vitamin “which means vital to life and amine is the organic compound produced by polishing rice”. In the 20th century, scientists succeeded in isolating several vitamins found in food.

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Role of vitamins

The group of vitamins plays a very important role in view. When you eat foods that contain water-soluble vitamins and fats stored in tissues and liver, they are used by special transporters and take part in the formation of red blood cells, the supply of oxygen to the organs of the body stimulates our system. immune, important in metabolic pathways, tissues. and bone formation, they are also important in keeping the human body healthy and active.

Purpose of vitamins

When vitamins from plants and animals are ingested, they can be broken down by acidic heat or air absorbed by body tissues and lead to the successful generation of energy which allows us to perform our routine activities.

Therefore, it is of our main importance to take some kind of vitamins which can help to overcome diseases and infections. This mini-article provides a detailed description of a variety of vitamins, classification, and functions.

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Classification of vitamins

There are different types of vitamins. Based on the solubility, we can classify vitamins into 2 categories, they are fat-soluble and tend to be stored in the body in moderate amounts.

  • Fat-soluble vitamins including A, D, E, and K

Most vitamins dissolve in water, are not easily stored in the body, and are excreted in the urine when consumed in excess.

  • Water-soluble vitamins including vitamin B complex (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12.) And vitamin C

Vitamins and their chemical names

Health Benefits of Vitamins

Fat-soluble vitamins and functions

  • Vitamin A: Provides a good overview of the healthy growth of bones and teeth of the skin and maintains a healthy immune system.
  • Vitamin D: Helps the body to absorb calcium and store it in the bones of the teeth.
  • Vitamin E: Helps maintain cell structure, acts as an antioxidant, protects cell membranes, protects skin from damage and allergies.
  • Vitamin K: necessary for blood clotting and helps stop bleeding from wounds.
  • Water-soluble vitamins and function
  • Vitamin B1: production of energy from carbohydrates, the good nervous function which promotes growth and good muscle tone.
  • Vitamin B2: is important for normal vision and skin; it is part of an enzyme necessary for metabolism.
  • Vitamin B3 helps digestion, important for the nervous system.
  • Vitamin B5: part of an enzyme necessary for energy metabolism.
  • Vitamin B6: helps produce red blood cells, maintains protein metabolism
  • Vitamin B7: It is part of an enzyme that helps maintain DNA, plays a role in the metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids.
  • Vitamin B9: is part of an enzyme important for cell division.
  • Vitamin B12: necessary for the proper functioning of red blood cells and the brain and nerves.
  • Vitamin C: acts like a good

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Our ancestors probably needed vitamins for billions of years in the form of fruit; vegetables. With the rise of agriculture, people began to eat more wheat and corn plants as their regular menu.

And generally, they will provide a sufficient supply of vitamins, a better variety of foods, and could reduce vitamin deficiencies. Understanding the evolutionary biology of vitamins can help researchers create new drugs for organisms.


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